Friday, April 19, 2019

Rising of Oil Prices Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

insurrection of Oil Prices - Essay ExampleOn the one hand, the western world led by the coupled States as the worlds largest consumer of energy, has been practicing geo-political policies that would ensure control and supply of this vital natural resource on the another(prenominal), the realization of the value of this near monopoly resource by the worlds leading anoint producers has stir up the supply, demand and value equation in a most significant manner. This conflict of interest has resulted in what we atomic number 18 witnessing today cartelization of the oil industry, soaring oil prices, weakening the dollar, rising inflation and worst of all, warfare/threat of further wars in West Asia - the major oil-producing region of the world. At USD 110 per barrel, there are ominous signs of not just in the US but a serious worldwide frugal downturn.In the West Asian region, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, and the disjuncture countries are among the worlds largest oil producers. The US, UK, and other European oil corporations were controlling the oil exploration and refining industry here and setting the price of this vital commodity. The growing economies of the western countries and Japan needed ever-increasing volumes of the oil products, which had to be imported mainly from the Gulf region. The Arab-Israel conflict and the formation of the oil cartel Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), led to the first oil price shock. In the words of Meyer et al., possession of a monopoly resource by OPEC countries a rising soar of nationalist self-awareness, old resentment at exploitation would force renegotiation of the terms on which petroleum was to be made available Theoutbreak of the Yom Kippur war in 1973 and the subsequent oil embargo led to a quadrupling of the oil prices (Meyer et al., p.6). The days of cheap oil were over once and for all, although the later fluctuations in the prices were principally in tune with the increased availability of non-OPEC supplies, the occasional breakdown of cartel arrangement, supply/demand stance etc. For example during 1982 83, oil prices fell by 15% (Meyer et al., p.95) due to a decrease in US demand. Disruption of supplies due to the recent militant events in Nigeria, Africas largest oil producer, has also wedged oil prices (Shanmugam & Singh). Similarly, Russias stranglehold on supplies of oil and gas to east European nations dictates the energy prices.

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