Monday, March 4, 2019

Erp Project Oracle vs Asap

enterprisingness imagery Planning (ERP) Project Students put up Registration number Course Date Table of Contents ABSTRACT3 INTRODUCTION5 grocery storeer OVERVIEW8 INTRODUCTION8 wear upon8 visionary9 BUSINESS FUNCTIONS13 exertion14 Sales14 Support go15 External services15 BUSINESS FUNCTIONS stand out BY ORACLE AND tucker16 TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM FROM wear upon AND ORACLE19 COST COMPARISON BETWEEN tomfool AND ORACLE20 EASE OF USE22 ERP MODULES23 prophesiers Financial wariness Analytics23 illusionist infobase 11g opening move mutation24 groceryer SELECTION27 ERP DEVELOPMENT liveliness CYCLE28 SCOPE AND COMMITMENT full stop28 ANALYSIS AND purpose29 scholarship AND DEVELOPMENT format30IMPLEMENTATION STAGE30 OPERATIONAL STAGE30 Bibliography31 ABSTRACT first step resource plan (ERP) is a administration that mix ins entirely the internal and outside serviceal units of an organization, the functional units whitethorn be manufacturing, pay, storage, guidance, t ransport, node propitiation and so on in post to integrate on the whole the organizations functional unit into a flawless and harmonious transcription, computer computer package have been developed by unalike venders, these softw be product may be custom made for a summit organization or they may be ordinary for practice by any organization (Jerferson, 2010).ERP dodgings argon put in place to meliorate on the efficiency of information attention of the organization, entirely the data from the antithetical units of the organization be allotd by the bundle and is ordinarily stored in a central location called a server, the server may be physically located in the organization or it may be a virtual one on the internet, the virtual serve phthisiss a engine room called cloud computing.The ERP system normally contains modules that ar specialized sub-systems that argon task-oriented, these modules embarrass human resource, takings planning, financial plannin g, theatrical role attention, materials circumspection, sales and distribution, maintenance, controlling, asset commission, throw up heed and industry solutions. The ERP computer softw be be developed and sold by vendors under diametric aims, the tallest level is the large Enterprise ERP level I which acknowledge vendors such as run everyplace, oracle and Microsoft, this level is for larger endeavors with intricate communication protocols among so many functional units.The second level is the midmarket ERP tier II which allow in vendors such as Infor, QAD, Lawson, sage and IFS, these ERP software are suitable for medium companies that have middling complexity in cost of information caution. The last level is the secondary task ERP tier III, vendors of these ERP systems hold Exact Globe, Syspro, NetSuite and Visibility, ERP software in this are suitable for small business linees with simple information anxiety systems (Jerferson, 2010).In this project, a detailed abbreviation of a hypothetical universitys information attention system is made, and then an ERP software depart be selected from one of the dickens vendors, tucker out or vaticinator. The natural selection go away be ground on the steps of the ERP exploitation living cycle, the cycle will involve all the standard phases of an ERP development brio cycle. The major activities of the university include provision of education, research activities and community service. The functional units of the university include the academics affairs, inance division, stave administration, medical services, marketing and public dealing, central store, catering, bookmans welfare and quality assurance. The project will analyze the software modules that are provided by prophet and gull, a detailed investigation on the suitability of the cardinal will overly be made, and then one of them will be selected for use as the universitys ERP system. This selection will be based on f acts and will be as systematic as the ERP development cycle.INTRODUCTION in that location are several ERP vendors in the global market, each is fighting to be the dominant brand, and as a result, stiff competition mingled with the vendors is taking place. Each vendor is engineering better ERP software to attract the customers attention and fulfill their needs, roughly of the vendors are SAP, illusionist, Microsoft, Lawson, sage and IFS. In this project, the deuce just about dominant vendors in the market will be analyzed, these are SAP and prophet.The two vendors had a summarize market contend of 55% between the year 2005 and 2009, and they have developed a wide-cut part of products that are tailored to suit several organizations, be it military, political relation or industrial (Jerferson, 2010). SAP and Oracle are both in the large try tier I category and they have in general designed products to suit this segment of the market, however, nowadays they are developing E RP software for midmarket tier II. The project will take a hypothetical university as a case write up, the university offers a variety of courses and has a number of campuses distributed all over the country.As part of the centering policy, the university is divided into several plane sections that represent the business functions of a generalized organization, the divisions are- 1. Academics affairs This department deals with the core business of the university, which is provision of education, the department springs the timetables, assigns lecturers to the different units, manages the curriculum, manages the bookmans results, guarantees that all the university policies are adhered to and organizes the tests and exams. 2. Central storeIn this department, they receive anything that is supplied by the suppliers. The central store too makes requisitions for general materials such as stationery, staff uniforms, sanitary consumables etc. but they take int make orders for special materials that are specific to a veritable department only such as machinery, computers, furniture etc. 3. pay This department deals with the management and controlling of the universitys work outs, it excessively deals with monitoring and management of the school fees as well as the staff salaries and allowances.The department relies hard on computer software to claim out its daily activities, all data is stored in a central server. 4. Students welfare The students wellbeing is taken care by this department, activities such as sports, festivals, parties, concerts are organized, monitored and financed by this department. 5. serviceman resource The recruitment of tender members of staff, promotions and disciplinary subprogram for misconduct of staff are all carried out by this department. The department as well carries out raising programs for members of staff. . Catering This department manages the catering services at the students and staff cafeterias, the department al so makes orders for all the ingredients they need for preparing the solid food on the menu for the different days. The sales from the cafeteria are not managed by the catering department, they are managed by the finance department. 7. Medical services The students and health needs are meet by this department, the staff in this department include doctors, nurses and pharmacists.They treat any sick student or staff for free, but they use software to keep their data such as medical records, inventory and lab results. 8. Public relations This department deals with uplifting the universitys image, maintaining good relations with other stakeholders and promoting the university at different levels of the socioeconomic setup. 9. Other department Other smaller departments include quality assurance office, publicize department and repairs and maintenance, transport and research institute. VENDOR OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION SAPSAP AG is a software company based in Germany that makes enterprise soft ware, the company was founded in June 1972 and was started by former IBM engineers, the company was ab initio called dodginganalyse und Programmentwicklung (System Analysis and Program Development) but the name was ulterior changed to Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung (System Analysis and Program Development), in 2005, the name was officially changed to SAP AG, SAP AG was include in the German bear index DAX in 1995 and was included in the Dow Jones STOXX 50 in 2003 (Lea anchor, 2013). actually, SAP is the world leader in the sale of business and database software with a market parting of 32%. Some of the main products of SAP are- CATEGORY PACKAGE NAME duty Analytics Advanced Planner And Optimizer pedigree Information Warehouse Portal Enterprise Central Component Governance, peril And Compliance valet Resource counseling Systems Knowledge Warehouse mesh call on Transaction boniface catalogue Content Management Hana Supply image Performance Management T raining And Event Management Manufacturing Master information Management operate And Asset ManagementIndustry Oil And spoil Healthcare Telecommunication Public Sector Utilities retail Small and midsize enterprises patronage One short letter ByDesign Other CCMS Sapgui eCATT Central Process scheduling root word Manager ORACLE Oracle is an Ameri passel database and business management software company that was founded in 1977, its first name was Software Development Laboratories, in 1979 the name was changed to Relational Software Incorporation, the name was changed again in 1982 to Oracle Systems Corporation and lastly it was renamed Oracle Corporation in 1995 (Wikipedia, 2013).Oracle is out-and-out(a)ed as the worlds third largest software maker after Microsoft and IBM by revenue, however, it is ranked second in as an ERP software maker by market share after SAP. Oracle had a market share of 23% in ERP software between 2005 and 2009 mend SAP had a staggering 32% market share. Some of Oracles products are listed beneath CATEGORY PACKAGE NAME practical applications Oracle E-Business Suite Enterprise performance management Financial management Oracle fusion applications Oracle CRM on demand Customer relation management Hyperion JD Edwards world JD Edwards enterprise one Human detonating device management Master data management Primavera Web affair Sustainability Procurement Project management Siebel Supply kitchen range management selective informationbase Oracle database 11g enterprise edition Oracle database 11g standard edition Oracle database 11g standard edition one Active data bind Advanced protective cover Airline data model informationbase security show edition Label security MySQL OLAP Oracle database appliance infobase vault NoSQL database unspoilt backup Secure enterprise search Engineered systems Oracle big data appliance Oracle database appliance Oracle exadata database machine Oracle e xalogic flexible cloud SPARC superCluster T4-4 Sun ZFS storage appliance Enterprise management Application management Application performance management Application quality management Cloud management Database management Hardware management Lifecycle management Middleware management Oracle enterprise manager 12c umber chocolateFX Oracle JDeveloper Java weapons chopine Micro edition Java platform standard edition Oracle java SE suite Netbeans IDE Oracle java SE live Middleware Application grid Application server collaborationism Portal Linux Developer tools Weblogic Webcenter SOA identity management Others Solaris Servers (hardware) Integrated management Sun ray clients practical(prenominal) backc crapperh infrastructure From the list, it raise be seen that Oracle makes more products than SAP, this may relieve why their revenue is higher(prenominal). BUSINESS FUNCTIONSBusiness functions are the routine tasks performed in order to achieve the goa l of an organization. The kind below shows the business functions (LLC, 2002). These functions are akin(predicate) for well-nigh all types of organization, but in about organization some functions are totally omitted based on the products or services offered. The figure below shows the most common business functions of any organization. A abbreviated description of the business functions is demonstraten below Production Research and development in this level, the organization develops peeled products and new designs for existing products.Tests, experiments and survey are the characteristic activities of this phase, data collected from tests and experiments is stored, managed and utilized by the organizations decision makers Production and quality this is a major function and usually represents the biggest part of the organization in shapes of human resource, at this level, the production is managed, scheduled and planned. Effective machine and staff utilization is a actually measurable aspect in this function, the quality and production rates are controlled based on the data received from the sales and design team.Distribution and Logistics this function deals with the supply chain, it manages the raw materials and the final products. The activities that fall under this function include the coordination of storage of raw and finished products, management of transport and staff who promptly deal with the supply chain. Sales Sales under this function, the relationship between the organization and its customer comes in, the sales team presents the products to the customers in a favorable and persuasive manner, the team also makes tenders, proposals, invoices etc. o the customers. The team also proves feedback to the research, development and marketing teams on the office of customer satisfaction. Marketing the marketing department deals with promoting the products of the organization, marketing will involve managing the packaging, advertising, foreca sting, budgeting, pricing and planning. Carrying out market research and survey is also a pick out role contend under this function Support services Finance this is a key function in any organization, even for non-profitable organizations.Management of funds and budgeting are the key activities in this function, the finance department records the incomes and expenditures of the organization and carries out futurity planning in terms of increasing the income and reducing the expenditure. Computing the use of computers has bring forth almost mandatory for any business, therefore, having computing support services is in truth important. In this category, the organizations database, network and software are effectively managed.Human resource it deals with recruitment of new members of staff, promotion of staff, formulation of contracts and job descriptions for the staff, training of the staff and carrying out disciplinary tasks concerning the staff. Materials under this category, the requirements of the organization are place and then the potential suppliers are contacted, the prices are negotiated and the purchase orders are prepared. The staffs operative in this area have to closely work with the production team as well as other teams in order to ensure that all teams in the organization have the necessary materials.External services leased accountants the accountants carry out audits to validate the companys accounts, they also give advice on matters relating to tax and other issues related to the finances of the organization. Management consultants the consultants carry out surveys on the organizations policies, procedures, methods, governance and administration. Then they use the data from the surveys to recommend changes to the areas that have any flaws or require improvements.Recruitment procedure they carry out job interviews for recruitment purposes, they look for the necessary skills ask by the organization and recommend to the human resource department a list of freighterdidates who can better fit in the job. Advertising in most organizations, advertising is done by the marketing team, but in large organization, a separate external body is charged with advertising the organizations products and services. The advertisers will propose to the management the best onward motion to get an edge over the competitors.Market research this can also be done by the marketing department or by an external agency, surveys, data analysis, drawing conclusions from the analysis and formulating recommendations are the main tasks in market research. Public relations this has recently become a very important business function for almost all organization, the public relations department uplifts and maintains the image of the organization, they answer to any inquiries made, carry out exhibitions, attend and organize conferences and also prepare press releases, brochures and newsletters.BUSINESS FUNCTIONS SUPPORTED BY ORACLE AND SAP From the list of business functions and the list of packages of the two vendors, it is easy to see that the two vendors have packages for almost all the business functions, packages such as procurement, Human capital, JD Edwards world, Master data management, Database security, Database management etc. from oracle cover almost all the business functions. SAP also has packages that support business functions these packages included Supply Chain Performance Management, Human Resource Management Systems, Manufacturing, Business One, Central Process Scheduling etc. the table below compares the two vendors in their ability to support business functions, BUSINESS FUNCTION SUPPORTED SAP ORACLEResearch and development * Master Data Management * Central Process Scheduling * Analytics * Solution Manager * Project management * Master data management, Advanced security * Active data hold in * Application management * Database management * Collaboration * Identity management Production and quality * CC MS * Business One * Utilities * Manufacturing * Advanced Planner And Optimizer * Integrated management * Hardware management * Lifecycle management * Application performance management * Oracle exalogic elastic cloud * Database security * Siebel Distribution and Logistics * Central Process Scheduling * Service And Asset Management * Supply Chain Performance * Management * Catalog Content Management * Central Process Scheduling * Service And Asset Management * Supply Chain Performance * Management * Catalog Content Management Sales * Business ByDesign * Retail * Master Data Management * Portal * Internet Transaction Server * Business ByDesign * Retail * Master Data Management * Portal * Internet Transaction Server Marketing * Training And Event Management * Analytics * Application quality management * Project management * Enterprise performance management Finance * Enterprise Central Component * Internet Transaction Server * Master Data Management * Service And Asset Management * Bus iness One * Business ByDesign * JD Edwards world * Financial management * Oracle E-Business Suite * Web commerce * MySQL * Oracle database appliance * Database vault * Database management Human resource * Human Resource Management Systems * Training And Event Management * Human capital management TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM FROM SAP AND ORACLE Technology platform refers to the ability to create or edit a software on an existing or future system, different ERP vendors have platforms that support their range of products and even their rivals products, this helps in allowing the customer to purchase a mixture of products from the similar vendor or from two or more vendors. The table below shows the technology platforms of the two vendors SAP Oracle Sapgui * NetWeaver * Enterprise Workspaces * Cloud * SAP StreamWork * Mobility * Sybase Unwired Platform * Sybase Afaria * Project Gateway * Duet Enterprise * In-Memory Computing * Virtual desktop infrastructure * Developer tools * Linux * Portal * Application grid * Oracle java SE support * Netbeans IDE * Java platform standard edition * Java platform Micro edition * Oracle JDeveloper * javaFX * Application server * Collaboration The table below shows the technology platform of the two In terms of the operating systems they support and other platforms. SAP ORACLE * Windows * Open origin * Web Based * Linux WindowsLinuxUnix COST COMPARISON BETWEEN SAP AND ORACLEThe total cost of run throughing an ERP project is the total amount paid to put the system in place, it involve the purchase of the system, the cost of implementing the changes required for the system to work and the salaries and wages of the personnel who work in the system. In term of the sign cost, SAP has a higher price than Oracle, SAP has maintained their high billing rates because their focus is mainly on larger enterprises, so the price seems unreasonable for small and medium enterprises, and therefore, most customer rank SAP as the most expensive (Jerferso n, 2010). However, SAP has the lowest ordinary cost overrun at about 8% over budget but Oracle had the highest cost overrun at about 15%, which is almost double that of SAP.The payback period for SAP is 13 months small-arm that of Oracle stands at 11 months (Jerferson, 2010). According to a research conducted by Panorama consulting group, the project cost for the two vendors were as depicted on the graph below It can be seen that the two normally go beyond the anticipated budget (at 53. 6% SAP, 52. 6% Oracle) suggesting that the budgeted cost for ERP projects are likely to be less than the actual budget by an average of 53. 1% (Jerferson, 2010). The tables below were extracted from Nucleus Research and they were comparing the costs of SAP and Oracle (Jerferson, 2010). EASE OF USE The ease of use of an ERP system can be compared by looking at the customers satisfaction after purchasing the software. 2% of SAPs customers were satisfied while 74% of Oracles customer were satisfied, t his indicates that Oracles software are easier to use than SAPs software but the strand between the two was very close (Jerferson, 2010). ERP MODULES The two modules were selected from Oracle, and they are Oracles Financial Management Analytics This module provides the top financial management team with a good perceptiveness into the status of the financial department and the financial results, it offers a unified solution that can be deployed promptly and contains packaged dashboards and analytics tools that help give a quick insight into the status of the financial system.This module supports the financial business function, finance involves a lot of staff and workload, and the staffs carry out routine tasks that can be perennial daily, weekly, semi-annually or annually. These records are often kept in files and this poses a grand challenge when the top management needs a quick insight or review into the results. Oracles Financial Management Analytics automates this system and maintains the records in a database system so that they can be accessed easily. The running(a) principle of Analytics is depicted in the figure below (Oracle, 2012). The key features of Analytics are shown in the table below FEATURE DESCRIPTION Executive discover Gross shekels By Region, Income By Region, Net Cash give ear Process Management Metrics, Trend Analysis, Overall/Entity StatusFinancial penny-pinching Schedule Summary Summary, Graphs, Milestones, Compensation Performance Indicators Ratios class On Year Comparison Table, Ratio Components, Ratio Trend Analysis expediency And passing Summary Income Statement, Variance Analysis, Trend Profit And Loss Gross Profit Variance Analysis, Gross Profit By Product, Trend Gross Profit Balance aeroplane Consolidating Balance Sheet, Metrics, Variance Analysis, Trend Balance Sheet Cash Flow Cash Flow Summary, Consolidation, Variance Analysis Current Analysis Variance Analysis This module supports the finance business function, thi s is a key function in any organization, even for non-profitable organizations.Management of funds and budgeting are the key activities in this function, the finance department records the incomes and expenditures of the organization and carries out future planning in terms of increasing the income and reducing the expenditure. Oracle database 11g enterprise edition Oracles database 11g enterprise edition is a database management software that is suitable for small and medium sized enterprises, this module manages all the data in the organization and enables all the business applications to benefit from the performance, reliability, security and scalability of Oracles database 11g enterprise edition (Wikipedia, 2013). Oracles database 11g enterprise edition supports all standard data types such as XML, Text, Documents, Images, Audio, moving-picture show and Location data.Access to data is via standard interfaces such as SQL, JDBC, SQLJ, ODBC . NET, OLE . NET and ODP . NET, SQL/XML and Xquery, and WebDAV. It also has some analytical tools for modeling in SQL-based systems (Wikipedia, 2013). The figure below shows the on the job(p) principle of Oracles database 11g enterprise edition. DATA caudex put to work DATA STORE exploiter USER PROCESS DATA STORE PROCESS DATA STORE PROCESS DATA STORE USER USER PROCESS DATA STORE PROCESS This module support several business functions, for example it supports the sales, finance, logistics, human resource management, production etc. by keeping all the relevant data in a secure and organized manner for easy access and retrieval when demand.The two selected modules can perfectly fit in the universitys operation. The university has a finance department which deals with the management and controlling of the universitys budgets, it also deals with monitoring and management of the school fees as well as the staff salaries and allowances. The department relies firmly on computer software to carry out its daily activities. Ora cles Financial Management Analytics can be used to manage the finance department of the university. Oracles database 11g enterprise edition can be used to manage all the university data including the students results, past and present exams, e-books, financial records, hospital records, timetables etc. VENDOR SELECTIONThe favourite(a) vendor is Oracle, this is because, they are cheaper compared to SAP, the payback period is shorter than that of SAP and their customers enjoy higher rates of satisfaction. In addition, Oracle has better customer services than SAP and has a wider range of products to choose from than SAP. The domain of the organization under study did affect the choice, the university is a service provider and not a manufacturing organization, hence, some of the modules needed in the manufacturing domain may not be needed by the service providing university. The size also affected the choice of the vendor, the university can be considered as a big enterprise with branc hes (campuses) in different regions, thus a powerful tier I ERP system would be required to manage the university. A customized version ofERP will be the most appropriate for use in the university, this is because, the university is a grotesque enterprise with unique types of data management protocols, some data can be accessed by a few authorized users while other types of data should be available for every user, the levels of authority in the university are different from those in other service providing enterprises. Therefore, a great deal of customization will be required if a successful ERP system is to be implemented, this is nevertheless, an expensive pick since customized ERP system cost more and take longer to implement. ERP DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE The ERP development life cycle can be summarized in a flowchart below (Motiwalla, 2010).SCOPE AND COMMITMENT STAGE This is the first interpret of the cycle and it entails carrying out a feasibility study to determine whether th e ERP system will actually work and if it works (Motiwalla, 2010), will it benefit the university. In addition to this, the university will develop the backcloth of the executing based on the resources and time requirements. Then the characteristics of the ERP implementation are defined to determine what features should be included in the ERP and the customization it may need, the top managements perpetration becomes very important at this stage and the short and long term vision for the new ERP system are formulated.Once this has been done, the suitable vendor is selected based on criterions such as price, reliability, payback period, customer support etc. The scope and commitments required at this stage include * Gap analysis an evaluation of the functions provided by the proposed ERP system is made and a comparison between the functions it can perform and the required functions is also made * Physical scope the number of users who will use the system, the location where the sy stem will be implemented and the sites that will be addressed are considered at this point * BPR scope at this level, the users, department and sites affected are identified, the current processes are looked at to see if any changes will e required to implement the system * Technical scope evaluate the ERP system to establish if there are any modifications to be done on the system * Resource scope the time and money allocated to the project are determined at this point * Implementation scope the actual implementation is considered to determine which modules will be implemented and the link with the existing system ANALYSIS AND DESIGN At this stage, the ERP system is designed by the appointed teams, the user requirements are established, and the differences between the current business process and the ERP are identified and accommodated in the design (Motiwalla, 2010).Conversion of the data and the system is done at this point so that the new system is linked with the old one, a chan ge in the management plan is also formulated to ensure successful implementation of the ERP system. Training of the staff on how to use the new system is also done at this stage. ACQUISITION AND DEVELOPMENT STAGE The software is purchased from the vendor and the license is paid for as well, tasks identified in the gap analysis are executed at this stage, the changes in the management are also implemented to allow for the proper functionality of the new ERP, the old data is transferred to the new system and finally the security of the new system is configured. IMPLEMENTATION STAGE The purchased software is installed and implemented, the approach used in implementation can be one of the following * Phased * Pilot * Parallel * Big bangEach of these approaches has its pros and cons, but for our case, the best approach would either be phased or parallel because these two would give the staff and the students enough time to adapt to the new system. OPERATIONAL STAGE This is the final stag e of the cycle, the project team officially hands over the system to the university, the university will own the system and shall be responsible for managing new releases, installation of the patches and upgrades and renewal of contracts and licenses with the vendor. Bibliography Jerferson, D. (2010). Battle of the Titans SAP vs ORACLE. Denver Panorama Consulting Group. Leakey, J. (2013, February 21). SAP AG. Retrieved February 22, 2013, from Wikipedia http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/SAP_AG LLC, A. P. (2002). Business Etiquette. London ILT. Mereddy, R. (2011).SAP basis Administration Handbook. new Dehli McGraw-Hill. Motiwalla, L. F. (2010). Enterprise System for Management. New Jersey Pearson Education Incorporation. Oracle. (2012). Oracle Financial Management Analytics Data Sheet. California Oracle Press. Research, N. (2010). TCO CASE STUDY SAP VERSUS ORACLE JD EDWARDS. aluminum Nucleus REsearch Incorporation. SAP. (2013, February 19). SAP Home Page. Retrieved February 22, 2013, fro m SAP http//www. sap. com/index. epx Wang, J. (2011). Oracle Database 11g. New York Oracle Press. Wikipedia. (2013, February 22). Oracle corporation. Retrieved February 22, 2013, from Wikipedia http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Oracle_Corporation

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