Psychoanalytic egotism psychology is distinguished by the anteriority that it assigns to the egos forethought of instinct-derivatives. Ego psychology had its foundations in Freuds writings of the 1920s, moreover outset became a distinctive approach to psychoanalysis in the 1930s. In Inhibitions, Symptoms, and Anxiety, Freud (1926a) listed ten manners by which the ego defends itself against life-threatening thoughts: regression, reaction-formation, isolation, undoing, repression, introjection or recognition, projection, turning against the self, reversal, and sublimation or displacement of instinctual aims. To this list of defenses, Anna Freud (1966) added identification with the assaulter (pp. 116-120). The list has since continued to grow. For Freud, das Ich, ?the I, ? was a parable that intend the part of the mind with which a person consciously identifies. In a loose sense, it was Freuds way of discussing the self. More technically, however, he delimit the ego as the p art of the mind that performs quick of scent thinking, the part of thought that he considered a ?secondary process.? Freuds (1923a, 1940b) notion of the ego did not include the defense mechanisms that Anna Freud (1966) attributed to it.
Freud (1926a) explained:Symptom-formation?has two assets: one, hugger-mugger from view, brings virtually the alteration in the id in virtue of which the ego is distant from danger; the other, presented openly, shows what has been created in place of the instinctual process that has been affected-namely, the substitutive formation. It would, however, be much correct to ascribe t o the defensive process what we sire verti! cal said about symptom-formation and to use the latter marge as synonymous with substitute-formation. (p. 145)In this formulation, defense consists of (1) unconscious stimulus barriers, such(prenominal) as repression, that enlarge the dynamic unconscious quash and so excerpt the ego from danger, and (2) the substitution of a fantasy for the repressed that manifests the... If you indispensableness to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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