IntroductionThis account presents a national profile of youth problems and a literature recap that focuses on the causes of each of the problem areas and freshens what is be intimate about preventive measures and the effectiveness of existing intervention strategies. Conclusions from this review encourage a paradigm shift in position away from a focus on correcting deficits in psyche youths toward enhancing the potential for healthy youth development in all(prenominal) youths in the community. Enactment of a youth development deal requires a communitywide collaborative effort among public officials, current assistant interpretrs, primordial institutions (such as churches, recreational facilities, libraries, and schools), and citizens (including youths themselves). In the past a few(prenominal) years, some(prenominal)(prenominal) comprehensive community initiatives have begun across the country. This paper discusses several of these. Although they have not existed long enough to gather up conclusive evaluation results, their attempts to forge collaborative relationships can put forward lessons for other communities. Risk factors for Youth Leadership substance bending exist at both the environmental and individual levels (Hawkins, Catalano, & vitamin A; Associates, 1992; Hawkins, Catalano, & ampere; Miller, 1992).
These include economic and social deprivation, low region attachment and community disorganization, transitions and mobility, community norms, attitudes favorable toward do do drugss use, drug and alcohol availability, family history of alcoholism or drug use, ugly family management practices, academic failu! re, low commitment to school, first unsociable behavior and aggressiveness, association with drug-using coadjutors, favorable attitudes toward drug and alcohol use, and archaeozoic first use of drugs. Protective factors, which have been shown to prevent willful neglect and violence, include strong attachments to adults, school, positive peers, and the community (Hawkins, Catalano, & Associates, 1992). Interventions aimed at changing youths attitudes toward drugs and enhancing their social skills to make them more foul to peer pressure have not achieved a free burning decrement in the use of drugs and alcohol... If you want to get a profuse essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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