Every ten years, state legislatures re- spate their boundaries. They do this after the nosecount has been evaluated to firebrand sure that congressional seats atomic number 18 portion in a fair way amongst the people of the state. thither are four basic goals that, for the most part, should be achieved when creating a redistricting plan. A global idea of these goals are (1) the districts formd should form a contiguous territory, (2) the districts should tilt to be compact (avoiding the conflicting fancy of gerrymandering), (3) boundaries between districts should go with major streets or other absolved boundaries, (4) the census terminate arseholenot be split. Although each state does ordinarily set their make specific goals, they all tend to be very similar, with skilful minor differences. The Constitution lets the states draw their take districts, but the federal Courts stick strict rules about who approves them. Courts washbowl approve, reject, and some clips create move districts (Engstrom 2002). The method that the state uses to draw these districts, directly walk out the competitiveness of the elections. The competitiveness can be looked at as the way both parties have a somewhat tinge opportunity to have a positive ending reply in an election. There are three different types of redistricting methods - legislative, commissions, and plans drawn by the court.
Redistricting is one of the important factors in causing an gain in the incumbents advantages, especially in congress. Tufte (1973) note a fall off in rivalry in the first election that was preceded by a redistri cting wheel around; he argued that incumben! ts influence the process of redistricting to moreover their seats. Ehrenhalt (1983) also state that the incumbent is given the advantage when it comes to redistricting because he has more time to present himself to what could be his new constituency. Abramowitz (1983) noted that Democratic candidates had... If you regard to get a full essay, army it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
If you want to get a full essay, visit our page: write my paper